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17 Soal (Essay) Second Language Acquisition Beserta Jawaban

Kumpulan Soal (Esai/Uraian) Materi Second Language Acquisition

1. What is difference between acquisition and learning?

2. How long does second language acquisition take?

3. How culture can influence language acquisition?

4. What are the stages of acquisition?

5. Why is second language acquisition fundamentally different from first language acquisition?

6. How does Mother Tongue affect second language acquisition?

7. How many stages of language acquisition are there?

8. What is the difference between first and second language acquisition?

9. What skill can you perform using your second language?

10. What are the 5 stages of second language acquisition?

11. How is a second language acquired?

12. Is second language acquired or learned?

13. What factors affect second language acquisition?

14. Why is Second Language Acquisition important?

15. Does learning a second language affect your first language?

16. Can everyone learn a second language?

17. Can learning become acquisition?  

Jawaban:

1. Most frequently used are the terms learning and acquisition . Learning, as mentioned before means a conscious process of trying to acquire a second language . Acquisition means an unconscious process .

2. The general consensus is that it takes between five to seven years for an individual to achieve advanced fluency.

3. Vygotsky's theory suggests that, although children are born with the skills for language development, development is affected and shaped by cultural and social experiences. The culture in which a person develops will have its own values, beliefs and tools of intellectual adaptation.

4. The Five Stages of Acquisition, according to the Ferengi, were infatuation, justification, appropriation, obsession, and resale.

5. Language in the Brain
Tests have shown that first language acquisition mostly activates the left half of the brain while second language learning activates the whole brain. ... To make use of the natural language abilities of children, language acquisition and learning should begin as early as possible.

6. Because cues that signal the beginning and ending of words can differ from language to language, a person's native language can provide misleading information when learning to segment a second language into words.

7. There are four main stages of normal language acquisition: The babbling stage, the Holophrastic or one-word stage, the two-word stage and the Telegraphic stage.

8. In general linguists maintain that a first language is acquired, i.e. that knowledge is stored unconsciously, and that a second language is learned, i.e. that knowledge is gained by conscious study of the second language's structure.

9. People who speak more than one language have improved memory, problem-solving and critical-thinking skills, enhanced concentration, ability to multitask, and better listening skills.

10. Students learning a second language move through five predictable stages: Preproduction, Early Production, Speech Emergence, Intermediate Fluency, and Advanced Fluency (Krashen & Terrell, 1983).

11. Second language acquisition, or sequential language acquisition, is learning a second language after a first language is already established. Many times this happens when a child who speaks a language other than English goes to school for the first time.

12. The First Language (L1) refers to the language you learn since you were born (not literally, of course). ... The Second Language (L2), on the other hand, refers to the language learned after the L1 has been acquired. A language can only be referred to as your L2 if the learning occurs after you have acquired your L1.

13. 9 Factors that Influence Language Learning for Kids
1. Motivation.
2. Support at Home.
3. Prior Linguistic Knowledge.
4. Learning Environment.
5. Teaching Strategies.
6. Comprehensible Input.
7. Student Personality.
8. Age.
9. Comfort in their Country of Residence

14. Dealing with another culture enables people to gain a more profound understanding of their own culture. Creativity is increased with the study of foreign languages. Graduates often cite foreign language courses as some of the most valuable courses in college because of the communication skills developed in the process.

15. Many people report forgetting words or phrases from their native language when they learn a second language. The Local explored this linguistic phenomenon, known as first-language attrition. ... Even in the early stages of second-language learning, your native language can begin to feel somewhat rusty.

16. According to reliable studies, only about 16 percent of what it takes to learn a foreign language is attributable to intelligence at least as defined by IQ tests.

17. According to Krashen, students who are taught in a formal, form-focussed way will “learn” the language but never fully acquire it. ... Krashen argues this is the only use of learnt language and further goes on to say that learnt knowledge can never become acquired knowledge.