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9 Soal (Essay) Second Language Acquisition Beserta Jawaban

Kumpulan Soal (Esai/Uraian) Materi Second Language Acquisition

1. What is difference between acquisition and learning?

2. How long does second language acquisition take?

3. How culture can influence language acquisition?

4. What are the stages of acquisition?

5. Why is second language acquisition fundamentally different from first language acquisition?

6. How does Mother Tongue affect second language acquisition?

7. How many stages of language acquisition are there?

8. What is the difference between first and second language acquisition?

9. What skill can you perform using your second language?

Jawaban:

1. Most frequently used are the terms learning and acquisition . Learning, as mentioned before means a conscious process of trying to acquire a second language . Acquisition means an unconscious process .

2. The general consensus is that it takes between five to seven years for an individual to achieve advanced fluency.

3. Vygotsky's theory suggests that, although children are born with the skills for language development, development is affected and shaped by cultural and social experiences. The culture in which a person develops will have its own values, beliefs and tools of intellectual adaptation.

4. The Five Stages of Acquisition, according to the Ferengi, were infatuation, justification, appropriation, obsession, and resale.

5. Language in the Brain
Tests have shown that first language acquisition mostly activates the left half of the brain while second language learning activates the whole brain. ... To make use of the natural language abilities of children, language acquisition and learning should begin as early as possible.

6. Because cues that signal the beginning and ending of words can differ from language to language, a person's native language can provide misleading information when learning to segment a second language into words.

7. There are four main stages of normal language acquisition: The babbling stage, the Holophrastic or one-word stage, the two-word stage and the Telegraphic stage.

8. In general linguists maintain that a first language is acquired, i.e. that knowledge is stored unconsciously, and that a second language is learned, i.e. that knowledge is gained by conscious study of the second language's structure.

9. People who speak more than one language have improved memory, problem-solving and critical-thinking skills, enhanced concentration, ability to multitask, and better listening skills.