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10 Soal (Essay) Simple Present Tense Beserta Jawaban

Kumpulan Soal (Esai/Uraian) Materi Simple Present Tense

1. How do you make a simple present?

2. Tuliskan pengertian simple present tense!

3. Tuliskan rumus simple present tense untuk kalimat positif dan contohnya!

4. Tuliskan rumus simple present tense untuk kalimat negatif dan contohnya!

5. Tuliskan rumus simple present tense untuk kalimat interogatif dan contohnya!

6. Time expression (keterangan waktu) yang sering digunakan yaitu adverbial of frequency ?

7. Tuliskan fungsi dan contoh kalimat simple present tense!

8. Do does sentences in simple present tense?

9. Why is it called present simple?

10. How many types of simple present are there?

Jawaban:

1. Forming the Present Simple Tense
1. Use the present form of the verb. You use this for plural subjects (that means more than one), and for those crazy singular pronouns I and you. ...
2. Add s to present form of the verb. You'll only do this when your subject is singular. ...
3. Add es to the present form of the verb.

2. Simple present tense adalah bentuk kata kerja untuk menyatakan fakta, kebiasaan, atau kejadian yang terjadi pada saat ini. Tense ini paling sering digunakan dalam bahasa Inggris.

3. Kalimat positif (+):
S + verb-1/be (am/is/are)

Contoh Simple Present Tense
1. She likes eating out
2. The children are naughty.

4. Kalimat negatif (-):
S + auxiliary (do/does) + not + bare infinitive
S + be (am/is/are) + not

Contoh Simple Present Tense
1. She doesn’t like eating out
2. The children aren’t naughty

5. Kalimat interogatif (?):
do/does + S + bare infinitive
be (am/is/are) + S

Contoh Simple Present Tense
1. Does she like eating out
2. Are the children naughty

6. Adverb of frequency
1. always (selalu)
2. often (sering)
3. usually (biasanya)
4. sometimes (kadang-kadang)
5. seldom (jarang)
6. never (tidak pernah)
7. 3 days a week (3 hari per minggu)
8. twice a month (dua kali sebulan)
9. 8 hours a day (8 jam per hari)
10. every day (setiap hari)
11. every month (setiap bulan)
12. three times a week (tiga kali seminggu)

7. Fungsi dan Contoh Kalimat Simple Present Tense
1. Simple present tense untuk menyatakan seberapa sering suatu kegiatan terjadi (frekuensi) atau habitual action (kebiasaan).
Contoh Kalimat Simple Present Tense
a. I always come on time.
(Saya selalu datang tepat waktu.)
b. He sometimes hears a ringing in his ears.
(Dia terkadang mendengarbunyi dering di telinganya.)
c. She never cries in front of us.
(Dia tidak pernah menangis di depan kita.)
d. Many people work 8 hours a day.
(Banyak orang bekerja 8 jam sehari.)
e They go to the gym every day.
(Mereka pergi ke gym setiap hari.)
f. I do the exercise three times a week to gain my muscle mass.
(Saya melakukan latihan tersebut tiga kali seminggu untuk meningkatkan masa otot.)
g. She sends much money to her parents in the village every month.
(Dia mengirimkan banyak uang kepada orangtuanya di desa setiap bulan.)

2. Factual (kebenaran umum/fakta yang tak terbantahkan)
Contoh Kalimat Simple Present Tense
a. The sun rises from the east and sets in the west.
(Matahari terbit dari ufuk timur dan tenggelam di ufuk barat.)
b. Water boils at 100 degrees Celcius.
(Air mendidih pada suhu 100 derajat celcius.)

3. Simple present tense digunakan untuk membuat simple statement yang berlaku general (berlaku kapan saja) maupun tidak general (menggunakan verb be).
Contoh Kalimat Simple Present Tense
a. I live in Jakarta.
(Saya tinggal di Jakarta)
b. She is so beautiful.
(Dia sangat cantik.)
c. He’s angry.
(Dia marah.) [tidak general: terjadi sekarang]

4. Simple present tense menggunakan stative verb untuk menyatakan perasaan (feeling), indera (sense), pikiran (mental state), atau kepemilikan (possession).
Contoh Kalimat Simple Present Tense
a. She loves dancing.
(Dia suka menari.)
b. I see tears in your eyes.
(Saya melihat air mata di matamu.)
c. We agree with the speaker’s opinion.
(Kami setuju dengan pendapat pembicara tersebut.)
d. My brother owns a new house.
(Saudaraku memiliki rumah baru.)

5. Tense ini digunakan untuk membicarakan rencana atau jadwal di masa depan namun memiliki jangka waktu dekat dengan sekarang. Umumnya membicarakan tentang transportasi atau event. Verb yang biasa digunakan antara lain: arrive, come, dan leave.
Contoh Kalimat Simple Present Tense
a. The ship leaves the harbour this night at 7 o’clock.
(Kapal meninggalkan pelabuhan malam ini jam 7.)
b. He arrives from Osaka at 1 pm.
(Dia tiba dari Osaka jam 1 siang.)
c. The ceremony starts at nine.
(Upacara dimulai jam sembilan.)

Simple present tense digunakan untuk memberikan instruksi atau serial aksi.
Contoh Kalimat Simple Present Tense
a. You add a glass of coconut milk into a pan and then boil it.
(Kamu tambah segelas santan ke dalam panci lalu rebus.)
b. You go straight ahead then turn left.
(Kamu jalan lurus ke depan lalu belok kiri.)

Simple present tense digunakan pada conditional sentence tipe 1.
Contoh Kalimat Simple Present Tense
a. If you meet the bad boy, your parents will be angry.
(Jika kamu bertemu dengan anak nakal itu, orangtuamu akan marah.)
b. I will go swimming if I have free time.
(Saya akan pergi berenang jika ada waktu.)

8. The auxiliary verb in simple present tense is “do / does“.
...
Examples:
1. I work in the office.
2. I don't work in the office.
3. Do you work in the office?

9. It is called "simple" because its basic form consists of a single word (like write or writes), in contrast with other present tense forms such as the present progressive (is writing) and present perfect (has written).

10. As many English teachers and English students know, there are many different ways to describe the present. In English, there are four present tenses: simple present, present perfect, present continuous, and present perfect continuous. These four tenses have a total of 10 different uses