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49 Soal Sosiolinguistics Beserta Jawaban

Kumpulan Soal Pilihan Ganda Materi Sociolinguistics

1. In an interaction, politeness can be defined as the means employed to show awareness of another person’s face whereas face means … .
A. the emotional and social sense
B. the situation of social distance
C. the public self-image of a person
D. the idea of polite social behavior

2. Which of the following is the example of positive politeness?
A. I want you to lend me your dictionary, please ?
B. How about letting me use your dictionary ?
C. Can I ask you for a dictionary ?
D. I need a dictionary, please ?

3. Sociolinguistics transfer refers to the use of the rules of speaking of one’s own speech community or cultural group when interacting with ….
A. people who have the same native language
B. members of another community
C. communities having different rules of speaking
D. speakers trying to achieve a particular language

4. Sociolinguistics transfer is classified into three types as the following except … .
A. transfer of a native language sociolinguistics variable rule
B. transfer of native, discourse level, sociocultural competence
C. transfer as an explanation of error in second language
D. socially motivated transfer where the transfer pattern may not be sociolinguistics itself

5. A speech act is an act that a speaker performs when … .
A. speaking in front of public
B. making an utterance
C. interacting with someone
D. talking in formal situation

6. One of the potential sources of intercultural miscommunication is if there is frequently interactional trouble when members of one cultural group compliment in situation in which compliments are … .
A. considered as the means of communication
B. appropriate for other cultures
C. recognized by the members of the cultural group
D. inappropriate for members of other groups

7. Interlocutor is someone who … .
A. takes part in a conversation, often formally or officially
B. presides over an assembly , meeting, or discussion
C. speaks in public
D. presides over a public ceremony , formal dinner , entertainment, etc

8. Varieties of a language consists of continuum with the original language at one extreme and … .
A. used by people with various linguistic background
B. the most different variation at the other
C. more complicated or ambiguous entity
D. the same variety are much more comfortable with each other

9. There are two opinions about bilingual education, those who favor bilingual education argue that children cannot learn in a language they do not understand therefore the language one is necessary , whereas the other ones say that bilingual education …..
A. doesn’t provide language minority students with maximum exposure to English
B. is illogical in its implication that less English instruction will lead to more English achievement
C. has less to the majority language for students who do learn very effectively in a second language
D. is far more than just being able to read, write and speak two languages

10. A model of bilingual education which focuses on the development of full bilingualism, encouraging oral fluency and literacy in both English and the students’s native language as well as academic learning is called …model.
A. late-exit
B. the transitional
C. dual immersion
D. the transferred

11. The idea underlying of international English is to discard the choice of any particular variety to be taught to students from the expanding circle countries and to … .
A. choose whether English is taught as a second language in a country where it is spoken by the majority of the population
B. expand circle countries where English has no official status but it is acquired by many people for use in international communication
C. have some form of English that is equally comprehensible to speakers of all the varieties
D. develop varieties of English that are now recognized as varieties for those that are worth teaching to students from the expanding circle countries

12. An English Immersion model which uses a simplified form of English as the language of instruction in all classes is called … model.
A. English as a second language (ESL)
B. limited English proficient
C. structured or sheltered immersion classes
D. the submersion or sink or swim

13. The followings are some bilingualism dichotomies, except … .
A. early vs late bilingualism
B. simultaneous vs successive bilingualism
C. coordinate vs subcoordinate bilingualism
D. additive vs subtractive bilingualism

14. The function of language is not only to enable people to store knowledge but also to …
A. incorporate social and cultural factors
B. transmit their culture to succeeding generations
C. function the real world in different circumstances
D. transfer sounds and letters that have meaning

15. According to Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis, language influences the way people see the world, which means every language has …… upon what the people who use, see, feel, think and talk about it.
A. a different meaning
B. natural aspects
C. an effect
D. its own characters

16. The difference between speech and written language is that speech tends to be people-centered while written tends to be … centered
A. redundancy
B. context
C. expression
D. topic

17. Which of the following doesn’t influence social structure toward the language usage?
A. Status
B. Size
C. Boundaries
D. Culture

18. Sociolinguistics is concerned with investigating the relationship between language and society with the goal being a better understanding of the structure of language and of how … .
A. communication is applied in a society
B. language function in communication
C. to maintain social relationship
D. society in relation to language

19. Sociolinguistics takes as its primary task to map linguistics variation on to … .
A. professional organization
B. historical fields
C. social conditions
D. cultural events

20. The language change in such a synchronic way is happened by variation … .
A. over time
B. at a single point of time
C. sociolinguistics approach
D. social context

21. The relationship of language and culture in language study is closely related to the way we think, and to the way we behave and … .
A. influence the behaviors of others
B. identify person’s social
C. classify construction of language
D. indicate the existence of certain people

22. One of the applied sociolinguistics field which is something the speaker assumes to be the case prior to make an utterance is called … .
A. cultural identity
B. intercultural
C. presupposition
D. linguistic nationalism

23. The followings are included as switch code factors, except … .
A. to whom you are talking
B. for what you are talking
C. the social context of the talk
D. the function and the topic of the discussion

24. Someone from West Java then comes to his village and he or she can only share one code or variety, the most probable language or code to be used is … .
A. Javanese
B. Sundanese
C. Indonesian
D. Padangese

25. The social distance is a dimension that influences language usage toward the code choice which deals with …. .
A. the factors affecting code
B. the patterns of language used
C. selecting an appropriate variety or code
D. how well do they know each other

26. Kind of data needed for sociolinguistics studies which include its place, its topic, the role relations of the speakers is in part … .
A. the nature of speech encounter
B. the speech variation
C. the characteristics of the speaker
D. the community of the speaker

27. To obtain statistically analyzable data about attitudes and behavior the proper instrument can be used is ….
A. non-intrusive responses
B. interview
C. ethnographic observation
D. questionnaires

28. The first step to conduct sociolinguistics studies is to determine … .
A. the variable
B. the result of examined variables
C. the problem
D. the subject

29. The weakness of technique of collecting data by using questionnaires is that they … .
A. are too standard
B. might leave out questions that seem interesting later
C. recognize significant exchanges
D. are expensive in time and effort

30. Tono is sixteen years old and he is a native speaker of Indonesian. He learns English in school.but he has lived in France since ten years old so he speaks France very fluently . We can say that France is his …language.
A. first
B. second
C. mother
D. foreign

31. Bilingual competence is classified into two categories that is receptive bilingualism and … bilingualism.
A. alternative
B. descriptive
C. productive
D. relationship

32. A dialect accepted as the norm because of the power or prestige of that dialect group is called Language, meanwhile a variety of a language spoken in different geographical or social area that are mutually understandable is called … .
A. linguistics norm
B. dialect
C. common language
D. dialog

33. One of the standard criterion used to determined a language which refers to the feelings speakers have about the purity they speak is called … .
A. vitality
B. historicity
C. reduction
D. mixture

34. Look at the following dialogue
Rob : Have you got a cigarette ?
T om : No, I haven’t. I don’t smoke
Rob : Oh, I’m sorry
T om : By all means
The above dialogue is a typical of … spoken or dialect.
A. British English
B. American English
C. Intra-National
D. English-American

35. Social dialects are distinguished by features of pronunciation, vocabulary , and grammar according to social group of the speakers, whereas regional dialects involve features of pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar according to …
A. the first variety of regional variation
B. two dialogue in the border of two regions
C. geographical areas the speakers come from
D. the chain between a dialect and another dialect

36. Standard dialect is the dialect having the variety of speaking and writing granted the most public prestige, whereas non standard dialect is … .
A. associated with the speech of politicians and educators
B. not afforded general public prestige and differ from standard varieties in terms of grammar and vocabulary
C. the process of standardization which usually doesn't involve the development of grammars and dictionaries
D. accepted as the norm because of the power or prestige of that dialect group

37. Which of the following words is correct according to British spelling?
A. recognize
B. customize
C. honor
D. colour

38. In situational code-switching, the switch is in response to a change in situation whereas in conversational code-switching, the switch … .
A. has a stylistic or textual function
B. takes varieties in utterances
C. defines the use of two or more languages
D. perceives social and cultural distance

39. Language interference refers to the use of formal elements of one code within the context of another in a given language that could be explained by the effect of contact with another language which includes the following except … element.
A. phonological
B. lexical
C. grammatical
D. syntactical

40. Which of the following is not a reason why people do code switching?
A. the solidarity with the listeners
B. the choice of the topic
C. perceive and cultural distance
D. the rule of the communication

41. Diglossia refers to the situation where two distinct varieties are used in… .
A. different functions
B. daily communication
C. certain community
D. social life

42. Which word of the followings belongs to American English ?
A. rubber
B. apartment
C. motorway
D. pavement

43. Language variety is the language we use in everyday living remarkably varied in which the language will exhibit considerable internal variation and … .
A. single style speaker will not be found
B. for many different purposes
C. it is used in contexts of communication
D. bound up with culture in multiple

44. The followings are the relation between language and culture, except ….
A. language expresses cultural reality
B. language symbolizes cultural reality
C. language emphasizes cultural reality
D. language embodies cultural reality

45. A speech community is all the people who speak a single language and so share notions of what is same or different in … .
A. social appropriateness
B. the same linguistic code
C. phonology and grammar
D. language users

46. Which of the followings is not included as the layers of culture combined?
A. the social
B. the historical
C. the community
D. the imagination

47. A speaker who can control more than one variety chooses a level of speech according to the audience he or she addressing. When he or she speaks to strangers in order to seem friendly , he or she might choose a/an … style
A. common
B. community
C. informal
D. formal

48. The more formal the situation, the more attention we pay to our language and so the more we are likely to conform to the favored and educated norms of our society , it is one of the style aspects namely … .
A. place
B. audience
C. expression
D. care

49. A register is a variety of language most likely to be used in a specific situation and with …
A. particular roles and statuses involved
B. labeling varieties of language
C. a specific set of social features
D. a set of typical domains

Jawaban:

1. C. the public self-image of a person
2. B. How about letting me use your dictionary ?
3. B. members of another community
4. C. transfer as an explanation of error in second language
5. B. making an utterance
6. D. inappropriate for members of other groups
7. A. takes part in a conversation, often formally or officially
8. B. the most different variation at the other
9. B. is illogical in its implication that less English instruction will lead to more English achievement
10. A. late-exit
11. C. have some form of English that is equally comprehensible to speakers of all the varieties
12. C. structured or sheltered immersion classes
13. C. coordinate vs subcoordinate bilingualism
14. B. transmit their culture to succeeding generations
15. C. an effect
16. D. topic
17. D. Culture
18. B. language function in communication
19. C. social conditions
20. B. at a single point of time
21. A. influence the behaviors of others
22. C. presupposition
23. B. for what you are talking
24. B. Sundanese
25. D. how well do they know each other
26. A. the nature of speech encounter
27. D. questionnaires
28. C. the problem
29. B. might leave out questions that seem interesting later
30. B. second
31. C. productive
32. B. dialect
33. D. mixture
34. A. British English
35. C. geographical areas the speakers come from
36. B. not afforded general public prestige and differ from standard varieties in terms of grammar and vocabulary
37. D. colour
38. A. has a stylistic or textual function
39. C. grammatical
40. D. the rule of the communication
41. A. different functions
42. B. apartment
43. A. single style speaker will not be found
44. C. language emphasizes cultural reality
45. C. phonology and grammar
46. C. the community
47. C. informal
48. D. care
49. A. particular roles and statuses involved