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Pertanyaan tentang Introduction to Linguistics

Soal Pilihan Ganda

1. Which of the following is correct to differentiate the written language from spoken language?
A. In written language, the occurrence of passive construction is relatively infrequent.
B. In written language, rather heavily premodified noun phrases are more common than that in spoken language.
C. The writer typically uses a good deal of rather generalized vocabulary .
D. The writer frequently repeats the same syntactic form several times.

2. A kind of pragmatic inference in which the assumptions the speaker makes about
what the hearer is likely to accept without challenges is called ....
A. inference
B. implicatures
C. reference
D. presupposition

3. The following utterance is the example of overlap.
A. Uh, if you don’t care to come and visit a little while this morning I’ll give you a cup of coffee.
B. English---- well I haven’t really decided it yet ---
C. Hehh--- Well--- that’s awfully sweet of you
D. I don’t know for sure, but ....

4. A situation where speakers not only understand but also speak and possibly write in two or more languages is categorized in ...
A. Natural bilingualism
B. Productive bilingualism
C. Receptive bilingualism
D. Bilingualism with diaglossia.

5. What is the first organ which the airstream will meet after passing through the bronchi and trachea?
A. glottis
B. larynx
C. tongue
D. resophagus

6. Which of the following sounds is classified into bilabial in which the lips commonly articulate with each other?
A. [t] in the beginning of then
B. [m] in the beginning of mend
C. [k] at the end of back
D. [f] at the end of rough

7. The word ‘morning’ is ended with the sound produced by the airflow flowing out through the nose that is described as ....
A. nasals
B. stops
C. fricatives
D. liquids

8. Based on the raising or lowering the body of the tongue (tongue height), which of the following vowels classified into low?
A. /i/ in sheep
B. /o/ in hot
C. /u/ in put
D. /i/ in ship

9. Based on the tongue height and tongue advancement, which of the following vowels is classified into mid front vowels?
A. /e/ in bed
B. /u/ in put
C. /o/ in hot
D. /i/ in ship

10. Which of the following words containing centering diphtongs?
A. toy
B. late
C. time
D. beer

11. Two linguists who belong to a group which views the phoneme as a psychological reality are ....
A. Hayman and Trask
B. Daniel Jones and Gleason
C. Bedouin de Courtenay and Twaddell
D. Trubetzkey and jacobson

Jawaban:

1. B. In written language, rather heavily premodified noun phrases are more common than that in spoken language.
2. D. presupposition
3. C. Receptive bilingualism
4. B. Productive bilingualism
5. B. larynx
6. B. [m] in the beginning of mend
7. A. nasals
8. B. /o/ in hot
9. A. /e/ in bed
10. D. beer
11. C. Bedouin de Courtenay and Twaddell