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Soal (Pilgan) Introduction to Linguistics dan Jawaban

Contoh Soal (Pilihan Ganda) Tentang Introduction to Linguistics

1. “One feature of human language is that there is an ability of native speakers to understand and produce any number of sentences”. What characteristic of human language is based on the statement above?
A. systematic
B. creative
C. symbolic
D. arbitrary

2. Which of the following animals is categorized in ‘color ’ as a way of nonvocal communication?
A. baboon yawns
B. chimpanzees
C. octopus
D. dogs

3. What characteristic of human language which means that the relation between a word and its meaning is a matter of convention?
A. systematic
B. arbitrary
C. recursion
D. productive

4. At the end of 1950, Noam Chomsky broke the structural in linguistics by introducing ....
A. Structuralism
B. Transformational Generative Grammar
C. Functional-Notional Approach
D. Traditional Grammar

5. Which of the following is not the impact of linguistic theory during the period 1940-1960?
A. language description as an additional aspect of language curriculum
B. contrustive analysis as a principle of curriculum development
C. primacy of speech
D. linguistic patterns as units of instruction and of testing

6. Historical-comparative linguistics is one branch of linguistics study which studies the development and comparison of certain language in relation to time (or period). Based on the definition above, Historical-comparative linguistics is categorized in ....
A. applied linguistics
B. macrolinguistics
C. microlinguistics
D. theoretical linguistics

7. Semantics is a branch of linguistics which studies ....
A. sounds system of a particular language
B. words structure and its parts
C. linguistics meaning
D. vocabulary of lexicon

8. Theoretical linguistics is a type of linguistic study to find and to formulate rules operating in language. On the other hand, applied linguistics is the linguistic study or activity which aims to ....
A. study language based only on the language itself
B. study specific characteristics of certain language
C. understand general characteristics of various language
D. overcome practical problems

9. The difference between Structuralism and Functional-Notional Approach is that the former was text-based and only interested in language that had actually occured, whereas the latter concentrates on ....
A. the purpose for which language is used
B. the competence
C. phonological components
D. Grammatical aspects

10. Based on the example above, one characteristic should be possessed by Transformational Generative Grammar is that it must be capable of ....
A. classifying the grammatical items
B. developing the phonological components
C. generating an infinite set of sentences
D. creating the words correctly

11. Which expression of acknowledging an introduction is categorized formal?
A. So long
B. Nice to meet you
C. How do you do?
D. I am fine

12. “ Do you know that man with the scar?”
The underlined words are categorized as a/an ....
A. verb phrase
B. adjective phrase
C preposition phrase
D. adverb phrase

Jawaban:

1. B. creative
2. C. octopus
3. B. arbitrary
4. B. Transformational Generative Grammar
5. A. language description as an additional aspect of language curriculum
6. C. microlinguistics
7. C. linguistics meaning
8. D. overcome practical problems
9. A. the purpose for which language is used
10. C. generating an infinite set of sentences
11. C. How do you do?
12. C preposition phrase