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50 Soal Semantics Beserta Jawaban

Kumpulan Soal Pilihan Ganda Materi Semantics

1. Berdasarkan proposional attitude, tingkat keyakinan yang paling tinggi dari kalimat di bawah ini adalah ….
A. It is certain that he was the murder
B. It is probable that he was the murder
C. It is likely that he was the murder
D. It is possible that he was the murder

2. Kalimat berikut yang dapat digolongkan ke dalam diontic modality adalah … .
A. Everybody has to reach the best grade on the final examination
B. Every body might have got the best grade on the final examination
C. Everybody can reach the best grade on the final examination
D. Everybody must reach the best grade on the final examination

3. "The teacher said to Tetty that she should not be late again in the next days.
Agent dalam kalimat di atas adalah ... .
A. The teacher
B. said
C. Tetty
D. in the next days

4. ”The boy kicked the ball out of the fence.”
Yang merupakan patient pada kalimat di atas adalah ... .
A. The boy
B. kicked
C. the ball
D. out of the fence

5. Kalimat berikut ini yang menggambarkan theme adalah … .
A. Kevin felt confuse with this problem
B. Mary saw the accident last night
C.My mother heard the phone rang
D. The pen is on the table

6. “ The woman saw the old man crossing the street with his child”
Pada kalimat di atas yang merupakan experience adalah … .
A. the woman
B. the old man
C. his child
D. crossing the street

7. ”Sigit works hard to make money for his family”
Pada kalimat di atas yang merupakan benificiary adalah ... .
A. Sigit
B. works hard
C. money
D. for his family

8. “The students wrote the lesson with their pen”
Yang berfungsi sebagai instrument pada kalimat di atas adalah … .
A. The students
B. wrote
C. the lesson
D. with their pen

9. It was so hot that day therefore the students prefered staying under the tree.
Pada kalimat di atas yang merupakan location adalah ….
A. that day
B. the students
C. under the tree
D. It

10. “The students gave their assignment to the teacher”.
Pada kalimat di atas yang merupakan goal adalah … .
A. the students
B. gave
C. their assigment
D. to the teacher

11. Salah satu pengertian semantics adalah ilmu bahasa yang memfokuskan pada … .
A. the internal structure of sentences and phrases and the interrelationships among the internal parts
B. the structure and systematic patterning of sounds in human language
C. the interrelationships of language and social structure
D. nature of the meaning of individual words, and the meaning of words grouped into phrases and sentences

12. “……. is something which we use to repr esent another thing.”
Kata berikut yang tepat untuk melengkapi kalimat definisi diatas adalah …
A. Antonym
B. Implication
C. Simile
D. Symbol

13. Pasangan antara istilah dalam linguistics dengan definisinya yang tepat adalah … .
A. Morphology adalah ilmu tentang aturan-aturan yang terdapat pada suatu bahasa untuk membentuk kalimat atau frasa
B. Syntax adalah ilmu yang mempelajari tentang pembentukan kata
C. Pragmatics adalah ilmu yang mempelajari penggunaan konteks dalam mengambil kesimpulan tentang makna suatu ujaran
D. Sociolinguistics adalah adalah ilmu yang mempelajari bunyi pada suatu bahasa tertentu

14. Kata “ Jakarta” memiliki reference … .
A. nama sebuah kota
B. nama benda
C. nama
D. kota yang ramai

15. “ I and my family have been to Bedugul in Bali which is very beautiful”
Pada kalimat di atas yang memiliki reference tetap adalah …
A. I
B. Bedugul
C. very
D. my family

16. Manakah kalimat berikut yang mengandung makna connotation yang negative?
A. There are over 15.000 vagrants in the city
B. There are over 15.000 people with no fixed address in the city
C. There are over 15.000 homeless in the city
D. There are over 15.000 people without home in the city

17. “There are some women take part in the fashion show competition” Pada kalimat di atas kata “women” termasuk dalam salah satu ketegori gramatikal sebagai berikut, yaitu … .
A. common nouns
B. names
C. pronouns
D. logical words

18. “The good man is very good “
Kata good pada kalimat di atas termasuk pasangan kata yang memiliki hubungan … .
A. synonym
B. antonym
C. homonym
D. polysemi

19. Pasangan dua kata di atas merupakan antonym jenis …antonym.
A. simple
B. reverse
C. converse
D. gradable

20. Kata ” tiger” dan ”lion” merupakan hyponym dari ... .
A. creature
B. wild
C. dangerous
D. animal

21. “ Sam is a giant”
Kalimat di atas merupakan methaphor yang dapat digolongkan pada jenis … methaphor .
A. dead
B. active
C. extended
D. implicit

22. Kalimat berikut yang mengandung homonym yang homophone dan homograph adalah … .
A. The data will be presented on tables which are now put on the table
B. You have to write the words in the right spelling
C. There are some students discussing their assignments
D. The teacher asked two students to present the conversation in front of the class

23. “Wina was complaining about her new case”
Kata “case” dapat menimbulkan persepsi yang berbeda karena dapat menimbukan berbagai interpretasi berikut, kecuali … .
A. Wina was complaining about her new suitcase
B. Wina was complaining about her new police investigation
C. Wina was complaining about her new medical patient
D. Wina was complaining about her new problem

24. Kalimat-kalimat berikut dapat menimbulkan structural ambiguity, kecuali kalimat … .
A. My father was reading magazine
B. Visiting friends can be interesting
C. Joko and Y anti are married
D. The man put his pen on the table

25. Pernyataan berikut yang termasuk kebenaran a priori adalah ... .
A. Yesterday was Sunday , then today is Monday
B. You look so sleepy , If you drive car now it will be dengerous
C. My sister likes drinking coffee
D. Students refuse to be failed in the test

26. Kalimat berikut yang merupakan Necessary truth ... .
A. Eating at night will make your body fat
B. Some activities are useful to train children to be decipline
C. Red is very popular color
D. Indonesia consist of islands

27. Kalimat berikut yang merupakan syntactic truth adalah ... .
A. A mother describes a new thing to her little son
B. A teacher helps the students understand the lesson
C. An unmarried woman doesn’t have children
D. There are seven days in a week

28. Kalimat berikut yang memiliki makna non literal adalah… .
A. His grade in English is not too good
B. The show was really good last night
C. My sister’ s grades were really poor
D. She is a very tall girl

29. ”Arini lives with Rudy and Sinta who are married to each other”
Kalimat berikut yang merupakan entailment dari kalimat di atas adalah … .
A. Arini lives with his parents
B. Arini lives with two people
C. Arini lives with exactly three people
D. Arini was already married

30.
1) Exactly one cat came through the window .
2) There is a cat that Andy saw .
Dua kalimat di atas merupakan entailment dari salah satu kalimat berikut, yaitu … .
A. Andy saw a cat came through the window
B. A cat came when Andy was opening the window
C. Andy opened the window and saw a cat came
D. Andy saw a cat came and let it came through the window

31. Pasangan berikut ini yang merupakan agentive noun dalam derivational relation adalah ... .
A. depend/depender
B. cook/cooker
C. calculate/calculator
D. football/foofballer

32.
1. Her husband is from Bandung
2. She is married
Hubungan dua kalimat di atas adalah … .
A. synonym
B. presupposition
C. entailment
D. tautology

33. “ The sun sets in the W est”
Kebenaran kalimat di atas berdasarkan pada ... .
A. logic and truth
B. logic
C. empirical truth
D. tautologies

34.
“ W e can’ t see the sun at night”
Kalimat di atas menurut pendapat Andrew Bernardin (2005) termasuk dalam jenis kebenaran ... truth.
A. personal
B. human
C. social
D. universal

35.
Y : Did you find some books related with tour theses?
X: I found some
Percakapan di atas merupakan contoh jenis maxim... .
A. kualitas
B. kuantitas
C. relevan
D. conversational

36. Manakah kalimat berikut yang merupakan stastic situation?
A. My uncle owns a new car.
B. She sleeps earlier.
C. The weather changed overnight.
D. The bus arrived on time.

37. Manakah diantara kalimat berikut yang menggambarkan makna dynamic situation.
A. This car belongs to my uncle.
B. The students imitate the teacher to pronounce the words correctly .
C. She remembers my name.
D. You think that my father is from America.

38. Dilihat dari makna situasi berdasarkan kata kerja yang digunakan dalam kalimat berikut, maka yang merupakan event adalah … .
A. Tina read the magazine to find about the new information
B. He ran to the police station and reported what happened to him
C. The children walked to the river to swim
D. The glass broke into pieces

39. Kalimat berikut yang mengandung makna punctual adalah … .
A. Shinta reads novel
B. The man puts the pen on the table
C. The children play football in the yard
D. My mother cooks in the kitchen

40. Salah satu kalimat berikut menggambarkan makna atelic dalam semantics yaitu … .
A. The government builds a new monument
B. The old man told stories to children
C. My father always told a story for me before we slept
D. My sister sings a song whenever in the bathroom

41. My father got the idea from his friend.
Pada kalimat di atas yang merupakan source adalah ….
A. My father
B. got
C. the idea
D. from his friend

42. Kalimat berikut ini yang merupakan metaphor adalah … .
A. This room is not completed with the heated water
B. My mother has a heated water for taking a bath
C. The men lost their job after a heated argument with their boss
D. You can heat you body by jogging

43. “The stars talk away the night”
Kalimat di atas merupakan methaphor, dan yang merupakan target domain adalah ... .
A. The stars
B. talk away
C. the night
D. talk away the night

44. Kata “finger” merupakan meronym dari kata “ … .”
A. body
B. hand
C. nail
D. thumb

45. Pasangan kata berikut yang merupakan hubungan portion-mass adalah … .
A. grain/sand
B. tree/forest
C. bird/flock
D. book/library

46. ” The teacher was angry finding one of his students smoke in class”
Makna implicature dari kalimat di atas adalah ... .
A. The students should not smoke in class
B. The teacher doesn’t like smoking in class
C. The teacher is not a smoker
D. The student doesn’t know that the teacher doesn’t like his students smoke in class

47. “The cake on the plate is on the dining table”
Presupposition dari kalimat di atas adalah … .
A. The cake is delicious
B. The cake is ready to eat
C. The cake smells good
D. The table is clean

48.
1. Linda’ s husband has just returned from Bali.(p)
2. Linda has got married (q)
Berdasarkan analisis Composite truth table for presupposition, jika kalimat 1 salah maka kalimat 2 … .
A. salah
B. benar
C. bisa benar bisa salah
D. pasti salah

49. Diantara kalimat berikut ini yang termasuk dalam makna accomplishment adalah … .
A. He stopped smoking since he got married
B. She plays the guitar every afternoon
C. My daughter hates smoking
D. My sister has already recovered from her ilness

50.
1."He was telling a joke to me yesterday"
2."He told a joke to me yesterday"
Kedua kalimat tersebut memiliki makna yang berbeda dari segi aspect karena alasan berikut... .
A. Kedua kalimat tersebut menggunakan bounded dan unbounded verb
B. Keduanya memiliki makna yang berbeda karena keterangan waktunya tidak sama
C. Kedua kalimat tersebut menggunakan aspect yang berbeda yang menyebabkan berbeda makna
D. Kedua kalimat memiliki menggunakan tense yang sama yaitu di waktu lampau

Jawaban:

1. A. It is certain that he was the murder
2. C. Everybody can reach the best grade on the final examination
3. A. The teacher
4. C. the ball
5. D. The pen is on the table
6. A. the woman
7. D. for his family
8. D. with their pen
9. C. under the tree
10. D. to the teacher
11. D. nature of the meaning of individual words, and the meaning of words grouped into phrases and sentence
12. D. Symbol
13. C. Pragmatics adalah ilmu yang mempelajari penggunaan konteks dalam mengambil kesimpulan tentang makna suatu ujaran
14. A. nama sebuah kota
15. B. Bedugul
16. A. There are over 15.000 vagrants in the city
17. A. common nouns
18. C. homonym
19. D. gradable
20. D. animal
21. B. active
22. A. The data will be presented on tables which are now put on the table
23. A. Wina was complaining about her new suitcase
24. A. My father was reading magazine
25. A. Yesterday was Sunday , then today is Monday
26. D. Indonesia consist of islands
27. D. There are seven days in a week
28. A. His grade in English is not too good
29. B. Arini lives with two people
30. A. Andy saw a cat came through the window
31. C. calculate/calculator
32. C. entailment
33. C. empirical truth
34. D. universal
35. B. kuantitas
36. A. My uncle owns a new car.
37. B. The students imitate the teacher to pronounce the words correctly .
38. D. The glass broke into pieces
39. B. The man puts the pen on the table
40. B. The old man told stories to children
41. D. from his friend
42. C. The men lost their job after a heated argument with their boss
43. C. the night
44. B. hand
45. A. grain/sand
46. A. The students should not smoke in class
47. B. The cake is ready to eat
48. B. benar
49. D. My sister has already recovered from her ilness
50. C. Kedua kalimat tersebut menggunakan aspect yang berbeda yang menyebabkan berbeda makna