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46 Soal Introduction to Linguistics Beserta Jawaban

Kumpulan Soal Pilihan Ganda Materi Introduction to Linguistics

1. Too many noisy birds are nesting on campus.
From the sentence above, what kind of constituent is the underlined words?
A. Pronoun
B. not constituent
C. Noun Phrase
D. Prepositional Phrase

2. ‘The naughty boy hit the child with a toy .’
The sentence means ‘the naughty boy hit the child by using the toy .’
Which of the following sentences is the ambiguity of the sentence above?
A. The naughty boy hit the toy of the child.
B. The naughty boy hit the child who had the toy .
C. The naughty boy and the child hit the toy .
D. The naughty boy hit the child and the toy .

3. Which of the following pairs is categorized ‘converse’?
A. wide >< narrow
B. smoking >< nonsmoking
C. cheap >< expensive
D. wife >< husband

4. James : It’s the one on the right.
Shanti : My right or yours?
The area of semantics that accounts for Shanti’s confusion is ....
A. overlap
B. entailment
C. synonym
D. deixis

5. The production of fricatives and nasal sounds by a 6-month-child is described as....
A. cooing
B. babbling
C. holoprastic stage
D. variation

6. When a child repeats a sentence which produced by adults and she just has her own way of expressing it, the child is in studies of ....
A. semantic structures
B. morphological structures
C. syntactic structures
D. grammatical rules

7. Which of the following order of sentences is suitable to be produced by a child in studies of the syntactic structures?
A. no fall; she want let go; I don’t know
B. no fall; I don’t know; she won’t let go
C. I don’t know; no fall; she won’t let go
D. I don’t know; she won’t let go; no fall

8. What characteristic differs the term ‘learning’ from ‘acquisition’?
A. it is naturally done
B. it applies a concious process
C. it needs a long period of study
D. mostly in communicative situations

9. One of nonlinguistic factors influencing second language acquisition which is related to learner ’s motivation and attitude toward the second language is ....
A. cognitive style
B. personality traits
C. social-psychological forces
D. age

10. According to Labov and Fishman, one focus of Sociolinguistics which differs from sociology of language is that it focuses on topics related to ....
A. discovering social structure
B. language behavior and attitude toward language
C. studying society in relation to language
D. the direction of our interest

11. One criteria of discussing language varieties which refers to feelings speakers have about the ‘purity’ of the variety they speak is called ....
A. autonomy
B. historicity
C. reduction
D. mixture

12. Read the following dialogue.
Pamela : Good Morning, Mr . Sam.
Samsudin : Morning, Pamela. How are you this morning?
Pamela : Y es. And you?
Samsudin : Not very well. I got demam and pilek last night.
Pamela : Get better soon, Sir .
The use of the word ‘demam and pilek’ uttered by Samsudin is categorized in the
process of ....
A. diaglossic situation
B. metaphorical code-switching
C. situational code-switching
D. code-mixing

13. “One feature of human language is that there is an ability of native speakers to understand and produce any number of sentences”. What characteristic of human language is based on the statement above?
A. systematic
B. creative
C. symbolic
D. arbitrary

14. Which of the following animals is categorized in ‘color ’ as a way of nonvocal communication?
A. baboon yawns
B. chimpanzees
C. octopus
D. dogs

15. What characteristic of human language which means that the relation between a word and its meaning is a matter of convention?
A. systematic
B. arbitrary
C. recursion
D. productive

16. At the end of 1950, Noam Chomsky broke the structural in linguistics by introducing ....
A. Structuralism
B. Transformational Generative Grammar
C. Functional-Notional Approach
D. Traditional Grammar

17. Which of the following is not the impact of linguistic theory during the period 1940-1960?
A. language description as an additional aspect of language curriculum
B. contrustive analysis as a principle of curriculum development
C. primacy of speech
D. linguistic patterns as units of instruction and of testing

18. Historical-comparative linguistics is one branch of linguistics study which studies the development and comparison of certain language in relation to time (or period). Based on the definition above, Historical-comparative linguistics is categorized in ....
A. applied linguistics
B. macrolinguistics
C. microlinguistics
D. theoretical linguistics

19. Semantics is a branch of linguistics which studies ....
A. sounds system of a particular language
B. words structure and its parts
C. linguistics meaning
D. vocabulary of lexicon

20. Theoretical linguistics is a type of linguistic study to find and to formulate rules operating in language. On the other hand, applied linguistics is the linguistic study or activity which aims to ....
A. study language based only on the language itself
B. study specific characteristics of certain language
C. understand general characteristics of various language
D. overcome practical problems

21. The difference between Structuralism and Functional-Notional Approach is that the former was text-based and only interested in language that had actually occured, whereas the latter concentrates on ....
A. the purpose for which language is used
B. the competence
C. phonological components
D. Grammatical aspects

22. Based on the example above, one characteristic should be possessed by Transformational Generative Grammar is that it must be capable of ....
A. classifying the grammatical items
B. developing the phonological components
C. generating an infinite set of sentences
D. creating the words correctly

23. Which expression of acknowledging an introduction is categorized formal?
A. So long
B. Nice to meet you
C. How do you do?
D. I am fine

24. “ Do you know that man with the scar?”
The underlined words are categorized as a/an ....
A. verb phrase
B. adjective phrase
C preposition phrase
D. adverb phrase

25. If you want anymore, Y ou’ll have to get it yourself.
The underlined words are categorized as a/an ....
A. noun clause
B. adjective clause
C. adverbial clause
D. verb clause

26. “What will we do if they don’t turn up?”
The sentence above is classified into a ... sentence.
A. major and compound
B. major and complex
C. minor and complex
D. minor and compound

27. “Mrs. Pamela is a beautiful blouse designer .”
One sentence to paraphrase the sentence above is ‘Mrs. Pamela is a designer
who makes beautiful blouses’ and another sentence to show the ambiguity is ....
A. Mrs. Pamela is a blouse designer who is beautiful
B. Mrs. Pamela designs many kinds of blouses
C. Mrs. Pamela is very beautiful in any kinds of blouses
D. Mrs. Pamela is designing beautiful blouses.

28. Based on the type of phonological process, which of the following words is
categorized in the process of elision?
A. Bin
B. Sixth
C. Nation
D. Press

29. What type of morphemes which cannot stand alone as words?
A. lexical morphemes
B. grammatical morphemes
C. free morphemes
D. bound morphemes

30. Which of the following words contains derivational morphemes?
A. boy’s
B. dislike
C. talking
D. grown

31. From the word ‘distangled’, which is categorized a lexical morpheme?
A. dis
B. en
C. tangle
D. -ed

32. One characteristic which differs inflectional morphemes from derivational ones is that inflectional morphemes are ....
A. very productive
B. not required by syntax
C. occured before derivational
D. changed in the meaning of word

33. He word ‘motel’ is the combination of ‘motor ’ and ‘hotel’. The word-formation above is called ....
A. clipping
B. compounding
C. conversion
D. blending

34. Which of the following words contain correct affixes?
A. disleading
B. mishonesty
C. dislikeful
D. unbelievabl

35. How many phonemes does the word ‘knee’ have?
A. two
B. three
C. five
D. six

36. Which of the following is correct to differentiate the written language from spoken language?
A. In written language, the occurrence of passive construction is relatively infrequent.
B. In written language, rather heavily premodified noun phrases are more common than that in spoken language.
C. The writer typically uses a good deal of rather generalized vocabulary .
D. The writer frequently repeats the same syntactic form several times.

37. A kind of pragmatic inference in which the assumptions the speaker makes about
what the hearer is likely to accept without challenges is called ....
A. inference
B. implicatures
C. reference
D. presupposition

38. The following utterance is the example of overlap.
A. Uh, if you don’t care to come and visit a little while this morning I’ll give you a cup of coffee.
B. English---- well I haven’t really decided it yet ---
C. Hehh--- Well--- that’s awfully sweet of you
D. I don’t know for sure, but ....

39. A situation where speakers not only understand but also speak and possibly write in two or more languages is categorized in ...
A. Natural bilingualism
B. Productive bilingualism
C. Receptive bilingualism
D. Bilingualism with diaglossia.

40. What is the first organ which the airstream will meet after passing through the bronchi and trachea?
A. glottis
B. larynx
C. tongue
D. resophagus

41. Which of the following sounds is classified into bilabial in which the lips commonly articulate with each other?
A. [t] in the beginning of then
B. [m] in the beginning of mend
C. [k] at the end of back
D. [f] at the end of rough

42. The word ‘morning’ is ended with the sound produced by the airflow flowing out through the nose that is described as ....
A. nasals
B. stops
C. fricatives
D. liquids

43. Based on the raising or lowering the body of the tongue (tongue height), which of the following vowels classified into low?
A. /i/ in sheep
B. /o/ in hot
C. /u/ in put
D. /i/ in ship

44. Based on the tongue height and tongue advancement, which of the following vowels is classified into mid front vowels?
A. /e/ in bed
B. /u/ in put
C. /o/ in hot
D. /i/ in ship

45. Which of the following words containing centering diphtongs?
A. toy
B. late
C. time
D. beer

46. Two linguists who belong to a group which views the phoneme as a psychological reality are ....
A. Hayman and Trask
B. Daniel Jones and Gleason
C. Bedouin de Courtenay and Twaddell
D. Trubetzkey and jacobson

Jawaban:

1. B. not constituent
2. B. The naughty boy hit the child who had the toy
3. D. wife >< husband
4. D. deixis
5. B. babbling
6. C. syntactic structures
7. B. no fall; I don’t know; she won’t let go
8. B. it applies a concious process
9. C. social-psychological forces
10. B. language behavior and attitude toward language
11. D. mixture
12. C. situational code-switching
13. B. creative
14. C. octopus
15. B. arbitrary
16. B. Transformational Generative Grammar
17. A. language description as an additional aspect of language curriculum
18. C. microlinguistics
19. C. linguistics meaning
20. D. overcome practical problems
21. A. the purpose for which language is used
22. C. generating an infinite set of sentences
23. C. How do you do?
24. C preposition phrase
25. C. adverbial clause
26. B. major and complex
27. A. Mrs. Pamela is a blouse designer who is beautiful
28. C. Nation
29. D. bound morphemes
30. B. dislike
31. C. tangle
32. A. very productive
33. D. blending
34. D. unbelievable
35. A. two
36. B. In written language, rather heavily premodified noun phrases are more common than that in spoken language.
37. D. presupposition
38. C. Receptive bilingualism
39. B. Productive bilingualism
40. B. larynx
41. B. [m] in the beginning of mend
42. A. nasals
43. B. /o/ in hot
44. A. /e/ in bed
45. D. beer
46. C. Bedouin de Courtenay and Twaddell