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24 Soal Introduction to Linguistics Beserta Jawaban

Kumpulan Soal Pilihan Ganda Materi Introduction to Linguistics

1. Too many noisy birds are nesting on campus.
From the sentence above, what kind of constituent is the underlined words?
A. Pronoun
B. not constituent
C. Noun Phrase
D. Prepositional Phrase

2. ‘The naughty boy hit the child with a toy .’
The sentence means ‘the naughty boy hit the child by using the toy .’
Which of the following sentences is the ambiguity of the sentence above?
A. The naughty boy hit the toy of the child.
B. The naughty boy hit the child who had the toy .
C. The naughty boy and the child hit the toy .
D. The naughty boy hit the child and the toy .

3. Which of the following pairs is categorized ‘converse’?
A. wide >< narrow
B. smoking >< nonsmoking
C. cheap >< expensive
D. wife >< husband

4. James : It’s the one on the right.
Shanti : My right or yours?
The area of semantics that accounts for Shanti’s confusion is ....
A. overlap
B. entailment
C. synonym
D. deixis

5. The production of fricatives and nasal sounds by a 6-month-child is described as....
A. cooing
B. babbling
C. holoprastic stage
D. variation

6. When a child repeats a sentence which produced by adults and she just has her own way of expressing it, the child is in studies of ....
A. semantic structures
B. morphological structures
C. syntactic structures
D. grammatical rules

7. Which of the following order of sentences is suitable to be produced by a child in studies of the syntactic structures?
A. no fall; she want let go; I don’t know
B. no fall; I don’t know; she won’t let go
C. I don’t know; no fall; she won’t let go
D. I don’t know; she won’t let go; no fall

8. What characteristic differs the term ‘learning’ from ‘acquisition’?
A. it is naturally done
B. it applies a concious process
C. it needs a long period of study
D. mostly in communicative situations

9. One of nonlinguistic factors influencing second language acquisition which is related to learner ’s motivation and attitude toward the second language is ....
A. cognitive style
B. personality traits
C. social-psychological forces
D. age

10. According to Labov and Fishman, one focus of Sociolinguistics which differs from sociology of language is that it focuses on topics related to ....
A. discovering social structure
B. language behavior and attitude toward language
C. studying society in relation to language
D. the direction of our interest

11. One criteria of discussing language varieties which refers to feelings speakers have about the ‘purity’ of the variety they speak is called ....
A. autonomy
B. historicity
C. reduction
D. mixture

12. Read the following dialogue.
Pamela : Good Morning, Mr . Sam.
Samsudin : Morning, Pamela. How are you this morning?
Pamela : Y es. And you?
Samsudin : Not very well. I got demam and pilek last night.
Pamela : Get better soon, Sir .
The use of the word ‘demam and pilek’ uttered by Samsudin is categorized in the
process of ....
A. diaglossic situation
B. metaphorical code-switching
C. situational code-switching
D. code-mixing

13. Which of the following is correct to differentiate the written language from spoken language?
A. In written language, the occurrence of passive construction is relatively infrequent.
B. In written language, rather heavily premodified noun phrases are more common than that in spoken language.
C. The writer typically uses a good deal of rather generalized vocabulary .
D. The writer frequently repeats the same syntactic form several times.

14. A kind of pragmatic inference in which the assumptions the speaker makes about
what the hearer is likely to accept without challenges is called ....
A. inference
B. implicatures
C. reference
D. presupposition

15. The following utterance is the example of overlap.
A. Uh, if you don’t care to come and visit a little while this morning I’ll give you a cup of coffee.
B. English---- well I haven’t really decided it yet ---
C. Hehh--- Well--- that’s awfully sweet of you
D. I don’t know for sure, but ....

16. A situation where speakers not only understand but also speak and possibly write in two or more languages is categorized in ...
A. Natural bilingualism
B. Productive bilingualism
C. Receptive bilingualism
D. Bilingualism with diaglossia.

17. What is the first organ which the airstream will meet after passing through the bronchi and trachea?
A. glottis
B. larynx
C. tongue
D. resophagus

18. Which of the following sounds is classified into bilabial in which the lips commonly articulate with each other?
A. [t] in the beginning of then
B. [m] in the beginning of mend
C. [k] at the end of back
D. [f] at the end of rough

19. The word ‘morning’ is ended with the sound produced by the airflow flowing out through the nose that is described as ....
A. nasals
B. stops
C. fricatives
D. liquids

20. Based on the raising or lowering the body of the tongue (tongue height), which of the following vowels classified into low?
A. /i/ in sheep
B. /o/ in hot
C. /u/ in put
D. /i/ in ship

21. Based on the tongue height and tongue advancement, which of the following vowels is classified into mid front vowels?
A. /e/ in bed
B. /u/ in put
C. /o/ in hot
D. /i/ in ship

22. Which of the following words containing centering diphtongs?
A. toy
B. late
C. time
D. beer

23. Two linguists who belong to a group which views the phoneme as a psychological reality are ....
A. Hayman and Trask
B. Daniel Jones and Gleason
C. Bedouin de Courtenay and Twaddell
D. Trubetzkey and jacobson

24. How many phonemes does the word ‘knee’ have?
A. two
B. three
C. five
D. six

Jawaban:

1. B. not constituent
2. B. The naughty boy hit the child who had the toy
3. D. wife >< husband
4. D. deixis
5. B. babbling
6. C. syntactic structures
7. B. no fall; I don’t know; she won’t let go
8. B. it applies a concious process
9. C. social-psychological forces
10. B. language behavior and attitude toward language
11. D. mixture
12. C. situational code-switching
13. B. In written language, rather heavily premodified noun phrases are more common than that in spoken language.
14. D. presupposition
15. C. Receptive bilingualism
16. B. Productive bilingualism
17. B. larynx
18. B. [m] in the beginning of mend
19. A. nasals
20. B. /o/ in hot
21. A. /e/ in bed
22. D. beer
23. C. Bedouin de Courtenay and Twaddell
24. A. two

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