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49 Soal Discourse Analysis Beserta Jawaban

Kumpulan Soal Pilihan Ganda Materi Discourse Analysis

1. Process types in English can be categorized into … .
A. Material, logical, verbal, behavioral, existential, and relational
B. Material, mental, verbal, behavioral, existential, and coordination
C. Material, mental, nonverbal, behavioral, existential, and relational
D. Material, mental, verbal, behavioral, existential, and relational

2. “ The old man went to the museum by himself".
This sentence has process material indicated by the word…..
A. The old man
B. went
C. to the museum
D. by himself

3. Which of the following is included to types of Circumstances of matter?
A. How long?
B. Where?
C. What as?
D. What about

4. Which of the following sentence is the example of temporal conjunction?
A. We saw the show and then went home
B. In addition to this job he has another
C. She is still ill, thus she can’t come
D. Actually , this is not the one we want to.

5. Assignment essays are developed from set questions that give students a period of time to research a topic and produce their answer with references to their sources of information. While there are some disadvantages with using assignment essays as an assessment tool, there are sound educational purposes underpinning this practice. This essay examines the reasons why assignment essays are beneficial for student learning and considers some of the problems with this method of assessment. Assignment essay tasks are set to assist students to develop mastery of their study subject. Firstly, assignment tasks enhance understandings about subject matter. Yang and Baker (2005) reason that "to master your learning materials and extend your understandings, you need to write about the meanings you gain from your research" (p. 1). Secondly, research (Jinx, 2004; Zapper , 2006) clearly demonstrates that students learn the writing conventions of a subject area while they are researching, reading and writing in their discipline. This activity helps them to "crack the code" of the discipline (Bloggs, 2003, p. 44). Thus, students are learning subject matter and how to write in that disciplinary area by researching and writing assignment
essays. Based on the inter-paragraph cohesion, the two above paragraph can be analyzed through repetition and parallelism, as shown on the following signals…
A. assignment essays are beneficial for student learning, assignment tasks enhance understandings about subject matter.
B. While , Firstly , Thus,
C. Their (students), they (students )
D. assignment tasks enhance understandings about subject matter, clearly demonstrates that students learn the writing conventions of a subject area.


6. Ever since I moved into my own apartment last fall, I have gotten out of the habit of making my bed--except on Fridays, of course, when I change the sheets. Although some people may think that I am a slob, I have some sound reasons for breaking the bed-making habit. In the first place, I am not concerned about maintaining a tidy bedroom because no one except me ever ventures in there. If there is ever a fire inspection or a surprise date, I suppose I can dash in there to fluff up the pillow and slap on a spread. Otherwise,I am not bothered. In addition,I find nothing uncomfortable about crawling into a rumpled mass of sheets and blankets. On the contrary,I enjoy poking out a cozy space for myself before drifting off to sleep. Also, I think that a tightly made bed is downright uncomfortable: entering one makes me feel like a loaf of bread being wrapped and sealed. Finally ,and most importantly,I think bed-making is an awful way to waste time in the morning. I would rather spend those precious minutes checking my email or feeding
the cat than tucking in corners or snapping the spread. The paragraph above shows intra-paragraph cohesion in the means of...
A. Clause relation
B. Lexical cohesion
C. Lexical signals
D. Co-ordinating vocabulary

7. I think teaching students at all levels how to analyze paragraph organization helps them do better peer editing, and helps them analyze their writing, and thus helps them revise their writing. I find
it especially helpful because it gets us thinking about the ways sentences in a paragraph relate to each other. After I teach students this method, I really can write "org" next to a paragraph in an essay and know that they'll have some method of figuring out how to understand the paragraph organization, and then they'll be able to figure out how to organize it. It also gives us a common understanding when I ask them to develop a paragraph to a greater level of specificity. They know what I'm looking for and have a way of developing their paragraphs.
The co-ordinating vocabularies existed in the paragraph above are... .
A. then
B. after, because
C. their, them
D. how to organize, what I am looking for

8. The analysis of linguistic features that belongs to processes is ….
A. relational
B. participant
C. resolution
D. orientation

9. Whenever I watch a TV show or movie, I yearn to yell out "Aha!" or "Aaah!" or some other such exclamation. I want to be moved enough to laugh until my sides ache, or cry until I have no more
tears to shed. Y ou may wonder why this is, but the fact of the matter remains that emotional writing sells. It keeps you hooked. It grabs at the essential elements that matter so profusely to you. You can't imagine life without those epiphanies and tears.
That story uses ... process
A. verbal
B. Material
C. Behavioral
D. Mental

10. These are the types of discourse according to the mood system, except …. .
A. Imperative
B. Relation
C. Material
D. Zig-zag pattern

11. Generally , parties do not need more than one witness to give the same information, especially if the information is not disputed. If several witnesses would say the same things, the party should
choose only one or two to write a declaration. Generally , the court gives more weight to a neutral person or a professional than to someone obviously supporting only one side of the case. This text above has... mood system.
A. Interrogative
B. Exclamative
C. Declarative
D. Imperative

12. Based on McCarthy lists of mostly used conversation types, which one of the followings is kind of conversation type included in the classroom?
A. jobs
B. sermons
C. seminars
D. shops

13. X: Sir, I’m really sorry for coming late
Y: That’s alright, you can join my class
The conversation above is categorized as ... .
A. Greeting-greeting
B. Apology-acceptance
C. Congratulation-thanks
D. Inform-acknowledge

14. One of the following defIinitions of discourse that there should be an interaction between the sender and the receiver is … .
A. a communicative process by means of interaction
B. a discourse is not only a kind of communication, but also a routine
C. different ways of structuring areas of knowledge and social practice
D. different types of language used in different sorts of social situations, such as newspaper discourse, advertising discourse, classroom discourse, the discourse of medical consultation

15. Which of the following is included into discourse?
A. advertisement
B. map of Jakarta
C. symbol
D. caricatur

16. The structure of written discourse might include ... .
A. orientation, complication, and resolution
B. opening, exchanges information and closing
C. orientation, exchanges information and closing
D. opening, complication, and resolution

17. The expert who said that multidisciplinary integration has led to the emergence of the new interdiscipline of discourse analysis as an independent field in the humanities and social sciences is ... .
A. Van Dijk
B. Douglas A. Demo
C. Hymes, Gumperz
D. Halliday

18. A discourse analysis of written texts might include … .
A. language form and language function
B. the opening and closing sequences of social encounters
C. social and cultural factors
D. a study of topic development and cohesion across the sentences

19. Flowerdew identified four approaches to discourse analysis, including genre analysis, corpus-based studies, contrastive rhetoric, and ... .
A. rank-scale model
B. speech acts sequences
C. ethnographic/naturalistic approaches
D. classroom discourse

20. Dialogue paragraph has both grammatical function and a lexemic function such as ... .
A. an initiating
B. countering
C. resolving unit
D. question

21. A comprehensive system of analysis treats classroom discourse as comprising five ranks, namely: lesson transaction, exchange, move, and ... .
A. remark
B. act
C. think
D. propose

22. The expression “Look at the car” according to type of exchange is categorized as ... .
A. closing
B. opening
C. response
D. follow up

23.
X: I spent an hour talking with the President
Y: Oh, really? That’s incredible!
The perlocutionary forces of the utterance above X expected that Y will ….
A. be proud of having a friend like X
B. give compliment and more respect
C. share the happiness with him/her
D. make sure that he/she really met the president

24. The lowest structure of spoken discourse is … .
A. interactional acts
B. encounter
C. exchange
D. transaction

25.
P1: Can you pass the salt, please?
Q1: Don’t you see I’m busy?
P2: Do not ever say like that to me again.
Q1: Okay .
Based on the conversation above P2 in the exchange structure functions as ....
A. Proffer
B. Counter
C. Contra
D. Satisfy

26.
X1: Are you free tonight?
Y: Y es. Why?
X2: How about going to a cinema?
Based on the above conversation in the exchange linkage in phase structure, X2 is called ....
A. pre-exchange
B. head-exchange
C. post-exchange
D. middle -exchange

27. Acoording to Edmondson (1981: 100), there are two types of co-ordinate exhanges that may exist in an encounter, i.e. ... .
A. Chaining and reciprocation
B. Proper and satisfy
C. Counter and contra
D. Pre –exchange and post axchange

28. In classroom discourse analysis mostly focuses on ... .
A. the nature of the discourse unit ‘lesson
B. a series of teaching and learning activities
C. exchanges between teacher and pupils concerning initiation-response-follow-up
D. certain transactions within lessons, such as informing, directing or eliciting

29.
X: Who is the cleverest students in our class?
Y: I think Jonatan is the best.
Based on the above conversation, the answer of Y “I think Jonatan is the best”
according to dynamics moves can be inculded into ... .
A. Dk 1
B. K1
C. K2
D. K2f

30. Which one of the followings is the example of discourse in classroom?
A. Be careful, the traffic is crowded
B. Don’t smoke in this room
C. Have you got questions concerning the main idea?
D. Please, help me to bring this bag

31. Which of the followings is not an element of text infrastructure?
A. text organization
B. relation of phrase
C. paragraph relation
D. Cohesiveness of paragraph

32. Discoveries and invention of devices are always welcome till we, humans, find a way to abuse its benefits and be adversely affected by it. This was the case when Wilhelm Roentgen discovered x-ray and within five years, the British Army was using a mobile x-ray unit to locate bullets and shrapnel in wounded soldiers in the Sudan. TV was also invented with positive thoughts in mind – there would be no national borders, education and communication would be worldwide, etc. However, we are now trying to overcome its physiological and psychological adverse effects on human beings. The paragraph above has ... pattern
A. procedural
B. cause-effect
C. critical
D. argument

33. The hardest part of writing an essay or composition is finding the thesis. This is true for reasons that have little do to with grammar, style, or even organizational techniques. Y ou, as the student, have to be clear on your subject, knowledgeable, and sophisticated enough to present an argument that will be at least somewhat original and persuasive to a tutor who has already read a thousand essays, more or less, on your topic. The pattern of the above text is …
A. Specific statement
B. General statement
C. Specific-general
D. General-specific

34. “My father came home while I was watching television.”
How do the clauses relate?
A. The first happens before the second
B. The first and the second happen at the same time
C. The second happens before the first
D. The answers of the first and the second happen

35. I am going to watch the film this evening unless it rains. Lexical signal dalam kalimat di atas adalah...
A. I
B. watch
C. rains
D. unless

36. In analyzing written discourse, the third category of lexical signals, vocabulary , consists of...
A. Subordinators
B. Coordinators
C. Nouns, verb, adjective
D. Adverbs

37. Which one of the following sentences that has zig-zag pattern?
A. Music has been created since the early ages
B. One day , he got very tired. He had worked hard all days long. He was happy because his boss gave him some reward.
C. His father has a car. He always goes to work by a car.
D. My sister likes to cook noodle

38. A: Have you done your homework?
B: No. I haven’t done the homework
The first movein the above utterance belongs to...
A. Statement
B. Question
C. Order
D. Request

39. X: I think the teacher should have a new decision
Y: Could you be more specific? The term ‘new decision’ is still too general.
Based on the above conversation, we can see that what Y’s utterance shows … .
A. Turn taking
B. Back chanels
C. Topic
D. Answer

40. The text pattern which is usually contain common ground information is categorized as … .
A. Cause-effect pattern
B. General-specific pattern
C. Claim-counter-claim pattern
D. Problem solution pattern

41. Writing is a complex sociocognitive process involving the construction of recorded messages on paper or on some other material, and, more recently, on a computer screen. The skills needed to write range from making the appropriate graphic marks, through utilizing the resources of the chosen language, and anticipating the reactions of the intended readers. The first skill area involves acquiring a writing system, which may be alphabetic (as in European languages) or nonalphabetic (as in many Asian languages).
The text above has... pattern.
A. Cause-effect pattern
B. General-specific pattern
C. Claim-counter-claim pattern
D. Problem solution pattern

42. T : Is there any students absent today?
S: No one is
The pattern of exchanges in the above conversation is ... .
A. T = K1, S= K2
B. T = K2, S = K1
C. T = K2f, S = K1f
D. T= K1f, S= K2f

43 Speaker (S) wishes Hearer(H) to believe that S is not in favour of H's having performed an act, as being against the interests of S. This relation is included in:
A. Request
B. Suggest
C. Complain
D. propose

44. “You should see the doctor.” This expression is categorized into ... .
A. Request
B. Suggest
C. Tell
D. Justify

45. “John wishes Mery to know that Peter wishes to address Mery at this point in time.”
The above analysis of the spoken discourse belongs to ....
A. Interruptor
B. Leavetake
C. Exclaim
D. Accept

46. P: I think I can cook this cake
Q: Really
T o analyze the above conversation based on the exchanges is ... .
A. P = request, Q = claim
B. P = Claim; Q = accept
C. P= tell; Q = Exclaim
D. P= purpose; Q = accept

47.
1. S1
2. S1 ^ S2f
3. S1 ^ S2f ^ S1f
4. S2 ^ S1^ S2f ^ S1f
Which of the above structure is called a two-slot exchange?
A. Number 1
B. Number 2
C. Number 3
D. Number 4

48.
T : Good morning students. Well, today , we are going to practice the
dialogue by doing role play .
The above discourse is categorized as ….
A. K1-initiated
B. Dk1-initiated
C. K2-initiated
D. Dk2 -initiated

49. We can analyze students’ roles in classroom interaction in the aspect of … .
A. the interaction developed by the teacher
B. the patterns of communication being developed by the teacher
C. the students’ contribution during the teaching-learning processes
D. the kinds of learning behaviors in understanding the texts

Jawaban:

1. D. Material, mental, verbal, behavioral, existential, and relational
2. B. went
3. D. What about
4. A. We saw the show and then went home
5. D. assignment tasks enhance understandings about subject matter, clearly demonstrates that students learn the writing conventions of a subject area.
6. D. Co-ordinating vocabulary
7. A. then
8. A. relational
9. B. Material
10. A. Imperative
11. C. Declarative
12. C. seminars
13. B. Apology-acceptance
14. A. a communicative process by means of interaction
15. A. advertisement
16. A. orientation, complication, and resolution
17. A. Van Dijk
18. D. a study of topic development and cohesion across the sentences
19. C. ethnographic/naturalistic approaches
20. D. question
21. B. act
22. B. opening
23. C. share the happiness with him/her
24. A. interactional acts
25. C. Contra
26. C. post-exchange
27. A. Chaining and reciprocation
28. C. exchanges between teacher and pupils concerning initiation-response-follow-up
29. C. K2
30. C. Have you got questions concerning the main idea?
31. B. relation of phrase
32. B. cause-effect
33. B. General statement
34. C. The second happens before the first
35. D. unless
36. C. Nouns, verb, adjective
37. C. His father has a car. He always goes to work by a car.
38. B. Question
39. B. Back chanels
40. C. Claim-counter-claim pattern
41. B. General-specific pattern
42. B. T = K2, S = K1
43. B. Suggest
44. B. Suggest
45. A. Interruptor
46. C. P= tell; Q = Exclaim
47. B. Number 2
48. A. K1-initiated
49. A. the interaction developed by the teacher